USB-C and Lightning cables are the two most popular connector types used in the world. Lightning was developed for exclusive use by Apple on their devices, like the iPhone and iPad. However, due to recent legislation in Europe, they have been forced to convert new devices to USB-C, the standard cable connector used across most of the world today
The main difference is that USB-C offers faster data transfer speeds than Lightning. However, they each have their own strengths and weaknesses which we will run through below as well as the difference between the two..
1. What is the Difference Between USB-C and Lightning?
USB-C and Lightning are both connector types used for various devices, but they have different origins and implementations.
USB-C, also known as USB Type-C, is a universal connector (meaning it is not specific to a single brand or device) that was introduced in 2014. It is an oval-shaped reversible port that can be plugged in either way, making it convenient for users.
USB-C is an industry-standard connector that is widely adopted by many device manufacturers, most notably Android phones such as the Google Pixel or Samsung Galaxy. It offers a versatile interface for data transfer, charging, and video output.
Since 2023, all Apple devices sold in Europe are also USB-C compatible.
Lightning, on the other hand, is a proprietary connector developed by Apple. It was first introduced in 2012 with the release of the iPhone 5. The Lightning connector replaced the 30-pin dock connector that was used on previous Apple devices.
Lightning cables have a slim, reversible design and are primarily used for charging and data transfer on Apple devices. Lightning is now largely being phased out by Apple.
2. USB-C: Pros and Cons
Versatility – USB-C supports various protocols, including USB, Thunderbolt, DisplayPort, and more. This versatility allows for seamless connectivity with a wide range of devices.
Reversible Connector – The reversible design of USB-C makes it easy to plug in the cable without worrying about its orientation.
Fast Data Transfer Speeds – USB-C supports high data transfer speeds, with the latest USB 3.2 Gen 2×2 standard offering speeds of up to 20 Gbps.
Power Delivery – USB-C cables can deliver higher power levels, enabling fast charging for compatible devices.
Compact Size – USB-C cables are compact and lightweight, making them portable and convenient for travel.
Compatibility – While USB-C is becoming more prevalent, some older devices may still use different connectors, requiring adapters or dongles for compatibility.
3. Lightning: Pros and Cons
Lightning cables have been a staple for Apple users for many years. Here are the advantages and disadvantages of Lightning connectors:
Apple Ecosystem – Lightning cables are exclusively used with Apple devices, providing seamless compatibility with iPhones, iPads, and iPods.
Compact Design – The slim and compact design of Lightning connectors allows for thinner devices.
Durability – Lightning cables are known for their durability and longevity, reducing the risk of cable fraying or breakage.
Limited Compatibility – Lightning cables are designed specifically for Apple devices, which means they cannot be used with other non-Apple devices without adapters.
Slower Data Transfer Speeds – Compared to the latest USB-C standards, Lightning cables offer slower data transfer speeds.
Less Widespread Adoption – While Lightning cables are popular among Apple users, they are not as widely supported as USB-C.
4. USB-C vs. Lightning: Speed and Compatibility
When it comes to speed and compatibility, USB-C has the upper hand. USB-C supports the latest USB 3.2 Gen 2×2 standard, which offers speeds of up to 20 Gbps. In comparison, Lightning cables typically support USB 2.0 speeds, which top out at 480 Mbps.
USB-C also supports various other formats, such as Thunderbolt and DisplayPort, enabling even faster data transfer and video output capabilities.
In terms of compatibility, USB-C is widely adopted across multiple device manufacturers, including laptops, smartphones, tablets, and peripherals. If you buy a non-Apple device like a Google Pixel, then you will be using USB-C.
It is also backwards compatible with previous USB standards, ensuring connectivity with older devices.
On the other hand, Lightning connectors are exclusively used with Apple devices, limiting their compatibility to iPhones, iPads, and iPods. Although this is now a thing of the past; Apple is now discontinuing their use of Lightning.
5. USB-C vs. Lightning: Charging Capabilities
Both USB-C and Lightning cables offer charging capabilities, but USB-C provides more advanced charging features. USB-C supports the Power Delivery (PD) ability, allowing for fast charging with higher power levels. This means that USB-C cables can charge devices more quickly and efficiently compared to Lightning cables.
Moreover, USB-C Power Delivery enables bidirectional charging, meaning that you can use a USB-C cable to charge both the device connected to the cable and the device connected to the other end of the cable. This feature is particularly useful for charging laptops or other devices that require higher power levels.
While Lightning cables can charge Apple devices, they do not support the same level of power delivery as USB-C. Consequently, charging times are slower, especially for larger devices like iPads or MacBooks.
6. USB-C vs. Lightning: Audio and Video
USB-C supports the DisplayPort protocol, allowing for the connection of external displays and monitors. This makes USB-C an excellent choice for users who require video output capabilities, such as graphic designers or professionals working with multiple screens.
Additionally, USB-C can transmit audio signals, enabling users to connect external speakers or headphones directly to USB-C devices.
On the other hand, Lightning cables do not support video output. While they can transmit audio signals, it is typically through the use of adapters. This is one of the main complaints from Lightning users as adapters are fiddly and easy to use.
7. USB-C vs. Lightning: Cost
When it comes to cost, USB-C cables are generally more affordable compared to Lightning cables. This is primarily due to the wider availability and adoption of USB-C across multiple device manufacturers.
Lightning cables, being proprietary to Apple, can be more expensive. Additionally, the limited compatibility of Lightning cables restricts the options for third-party manufacturers, leading to higher prices.
The age of Apple’s Lightning cable is over. Once revered for its design and speed, it has been made redundant by the superior speed and versatility of USB-C. Fast charging of the USB-C is a revolutionary development.
Can I use USB devices with Thunderbolt cables?
Yes, USB devices can be used with Thunderbolt cables. However, they will operate based on USB standards rather than Thunderbolt’s capabilities.
Can I use a Thunderbolt 4 or Thunderbolt 3 cable with a USB-C port?
Yes, Thunderbolt 4 and Thunderbolt 3 cables can be used with USB-C ports on USB4, USB 3, or USB 2 devices. However, the speed and power delivery will default to the USB protocol rather than Thunderbolt.
How can I tell if a port supports Thunderbolt or USB-C?
Look for the Thunderbolt lightning symbol or the USB icon next to the port on your device. If the ports and cables are not labelled, consult the product description or documentation for confirmation.
Do USB-C and Lightning cables require device drivers or firmware?
In general, USB-C and Lightning cables do not require device drivers or firmware. However, devices that utilize software, such as RAID arrays or NAS systems, may require additional support. Check with the host manufacturer for the latest information on compatibility and updates.